The craft industry encompasses products handmade by artisans or experts in a particular trade. Small businesses engaged in the craft trade include everything from art galleries to handmade textiles and culinary products. Handicrafts refer to products that are handmade with simple tools and represent the culture and traditions of a country or region. Its production requires considerable hand-eye coordination and intense concentration.
Each handmade product is unique, since each craftsman applies his strength differently, so each product has different qualities. Handicrafts play a vital role in the economic development of a country, since they are an important means of earning foreign exchange earnings, require low capital investments and offer employment opportunities. In addition, handicraft items are perceived as a status symbol because of their uniqueness, quality, use of natural materials and the essence of vibrant art and culture. A craft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal or handmade crafts, is any work of a wide variety of types in which useful and decorative objects are manufactured entirely by hand or using only related simple, non-automated tools, such as scissors, carving utensils, or hooks.
In addition, the growing travel and tourism industry has provided tremendous opportunities for local artisans and craft makers to produce basic products and sell them to tourists who are willing to spend a significant amount on souvenirs and other craft items. These products are produced within a specific community of practice and, while they mostly differ from products produced in the art and design communities, the boundaries often overlap, resulting in hybrid objects. The individual craftsmanship of a handmade item is the primary criterion; those manufactured through mass production or machines are not handmade products.